A long awaited step in achieving transparency in administration has been taken by enacting The Right To Information Act, 2005. It has been well said that democracy can be established and achieved by informed citizenry. It is necessary for the citizens to know as to how and why a particular decision is taken and for that purpose to seek information before making or drawing any conclusion. The purpose of this Act is to bring in transparency in administration of the Government and to bring about transformation in administrative machinery making it more open and free. This Act is applicable to whole India except the State of Jammu and Kashmir. It defines the term ‘information’ and prescribes that it is in any material, in any form, as records, documents, memos, e-mails, advices and opinions in recorded form, press releases, circulars, orders, log books, contracts, reports, papers and other things as provided.
The object of this Act is to make our society open and public authorities more accountable and information must be made available to a private citizen subject to right of privacy and other exemptions provided for.