Bal Govind Chauhan

Bal Govind Chauhan

Assistant Professor, Rector, Boys’ Hostel and Member, PRC


M.P.S., M.Phil., IIPS, Mumbai

Specialization : Demography




Room No : 233, Main Building Ext: 313


Chauhan is a dedicated researcher and teacher serving as an Assistant Professor at the Population Research Centre at Gokhale. He teaches Fertility and Migration at various Master’s programs at GIPE, most notably for the M.Sc. in Population Studies and Health Economics.

He has done seven research studies and has written 11 monitoring & evaluation reports. About 40 papers authored by him have been published in peer-reviewed scientific journals/books. His areas of research are public health and nutrition. He loves rummaging through large data sets such as the National Sample Survey, National Family Health Survey, Health Management Information System, Census of India, India Human Development Survey, and the District Health Survey.

Books & book chapters


Chauhan B.G., Kumar A. and Chauhan S. K. (2014). Trends of Economic Inequalities in RCH Services Utilization in India: Understanding the need for reproductive and child health care. LAP Lambert Academic Publishing, Germany. ISBN: 978-3-659-54467-5

Book chapters/Monograph

Chauhan B. G., Pol R. and Sivanandan V. (2021).  Socio-economic inequality in informed choice of contraceptive use among women of Maharashtra: A concern for reproductive and sexual health and right. In M. K. Agarwal and B. K. Shukla (Ed.), “Programme Evaluation Under National Health Mission: Evidence to Policy: A Compendium of Studies Conducted by the Population Research Centres 2019-20 (pp. 289-302). Rapid Book Service, Lucknow. ISBN: 978-9382462-78-1.

Devi S., Chauhan B. G., Singh M. N. (2021). “Dynamics of Vitamin A supplements among children and mothers in Uttar Pradesh”. In M. K. Agarwal (Ed.), Development Issues in Uttar Pradesh (pp. 267-277). Northern Book Centre, New Delhi. ISBN: 81-7211-391-9.

Sivanandan V., Chauhan B.G., Khan A., Prasik A.P., Pol R., Pisal A., Shivnekar V., and Kulaste B. (2020). “Mother Knowledge and Behaviour on Child Feeding and Child Care Practices and Impact on Child Health Outcomes: A Study of Pune Slum in Maharashtra”. In D. Kumar (Ed.), Impact assessment of Selected Healthcare Policies in India: A Compendium of Studies by Population Research Centres 2018-19 (pp. 98-116). Buddha Mission of India. ISBN:978-81-932595-1-1.

Chauhan B. G., Rai A. K. and Kumar A. (2015). “A Study of Ageing and Disability in Uttar Pradesh: A District-Level Analysis”In A.K Rai and A. Kumar (Eds.), Population, Economic Growth and Environmental Pollution (pp. 3-26). Abhijeet Publications, New Delhi.

Published articles

  1. Ali, I., Akhtar, S. N., Chauhan, B. G., Malik, M. A., & Singh, K. D. (2020). Health Insurance Support on Maternal Health Care: Evidence from Survey Data in India. Journal of Public Health, dac025, pp. 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fdac025.
  2. Chauhan, B. G., Sivanandan, V., Singh, M. N., & Kumar, D. (2021). Inequalities and Trends in Maternal Health Care Services Utilization in India, 1992-2016: Strategies in the Search for Improvements. Demography India, Vol. 50, Special Issue (2021), pp. 65-87. https://iasp.ac.in/uploads/journal/5%201_Bal%20Govind%20Chouhan-1644893552.pdf 
  3. Weah, S. P., Jungari S., Chauhan, B.G., and Samson T. S. (2022). Prevalence and Risk Factors of Teenage Pregnancy in Liberia: Evidence from Demographic Health Survey. International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation, 9 (1), 31-38.
  4. Hallad J.S., Ram U., Bhat B., Kalita D., Sivanandan V., Kumar D., Pradhan M. R.  and Study Collaborators (2021). “Utilization of Maternal Health Care Services by Mothers during the First Wave of COVID-19 Pandemic”, Working Paper No. 24, International Institute for Population Sciences, Mumbai. https://www.iipsindia.ac.in/sites/default/files/IIPS_Working_Paper_No_24_0.pdf
  5. Kashyap, G. C., Singh, S. K., & Chauhan, B. G. (2021). Prevalence and Risk Factor of Occupational Skin Complaints among Male Tannery Workers of Kanpur, India. Indian Journal of Dermatology66(4), 347. DOI: 10.4103/in.IJD_20_20.
  6. Kashyap G.C., Govind B., Srivastava S., R. V., Bango M., Shaw S. (2021). A true face of Indian married couples: Effect of age and education on control over own sexuality and sexual violence. PLoS ONE 16(7): e0254005. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0254005.
  7. Chauhan B.G., Nagarajan R. (2021). Trend and Determinants of Fertility in a Declining Fertility Regime: A Study of Rural Uttar Pradesh. International Quarterly of Community Health Education. April 2021. doi:10.1177/0272684X211004947
  8. Chauhan B.G., Rawat R., Tirkey N.N., Chauhan S.K. (2021). Factors associated with fertility limiting intention and contraceptive use among currently married men in India. International Journal of Population Studies, 7(1):1-22. https://doi.org/10.18063/ijps.v7.i1.1232
  9. Chauhan B.G., Verma R.K., Alagarajan M., Chauhan S.K. (2021). Effect of Maternal Healthcare Utilization on Early Neonatal, Neonatal and Post-Neonatal Mortality in India. International Quarterly of Community Health Education. https://doi.org/10.1177/0272684X211004925
  10. Chauhan, B.G., & Jungari, S. (2021). Prevalence and predictors of spousal violence against women in Afghanistan: Evidence from Demographic and Health Survey data. Journal of Biosocial Science, 1-18. https://doi:10.1017/S0021932020000759
  11. Chauhan, B. G., & Prasad, J. B. (2021). Contraception use and Fertility Aspiration among currently married young men in India: Do gender attitudes matter? Children and Youth Services Review122, 105920. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2020.1059200
  12. Jungari S., Chauhan B.G., Bomble P. & Pardhi, A. (2020). Violence against women in urban slums of India: A review of two decades of research. Global Public Health, 1-19. DOI: 10.1080/17441692.2020.1850835.
  13. Chauhan B.G., Jungari, S. (2020). Factors Affecting the Utilization of Maternal and Child Health Care Services in Tribal Dominated Population States of India. Int Q Community Health Educ. 272684X20972857. https://doi.org/10.1177/0272684X20972857
  14. Chauhan, B.G., & Jungari, S. (2020). Spousal Violence in India: Role of gender relative status. Demography IndiaVol. 49, No. 1, pp. 124-139. http://demographyindia.in/article_document/118/9384710-41_Bal-Govind-Chauhan_1.pdf
  15. Kulaste, B. S., & Chauhan, B. G. (2020). Regional Differential in Diet Diversity Consumption and its Association with Adult Nutrition Status in Urban Areas. Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development. Vol. 11, No. 9, 122-127. http://medicopublication.com/index.php/ijphrd/issue/view/48
  16. Chauhan, S.K., Chauhan, B.G., Jungari, S., & Dhar, M. (2019). Perceived Quality of Life among slum living adolescents in Uttar Pradesh, India. Children and Youth Services Review. Vol. 108, 104646. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2019.104646
  17. Fred T., Jungari S., Chauhan G. Denis M. (2019). Factors Associated with Knowledge of Transmission and Prevention of HIV/AIDS among Men and Women in Uganda: Evidence from Demographic Health Survey of Uganda. Journal of HIV AIDS and Infectious Disease, Vol. 6, issue 102, 1-13. DOI:17303/jaid.2019.5.102.
  18. Chauhan, B. G., Yadav, D., & Jungari, S. (2019). Association between consanguineous marriage and child nutritional outcomes among currently married women in Pakistan. Clinical Epidemiology and Global Health, 8(1), 38-44https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cegh.2019.04.003.
  19. Mondal NA, Chauhan B.G., Khan KA (2019). Regional Prevalence and Determinants of Alcohol Consumption in India. International Journal of Social Science and Economic Research, Vol.4, Issue 1, 220-235. https://ijsser.org/
  20. Rai, A.K., Chauhan B. G. & Rashmi (2019). Determinants of inequalities in maternal health care utilization among social groups: A study of tribal dominant EAG States, India. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Research, Vol. 5, issue 1, 78-87. http://www.socialsciencejournal.in/archives/2019/vol5/issue1/5-1-37
  21. Chauhan, B. G., & Nagarajan, R. (2019). Contraceptive use and unmet need for family planning among women with at least one child in rural Uttar Pradesh: the role of wealth and gender composition of children. Journal of Public Health 27(5), 637–648. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10389-018-0984-7
  22. Chauhan, B. G., Chauhan, S., & Chaurasia, H. (2019). Decomposing the gap in child malnutrition between poor and non-poor in Sierra Leone. Journal of Public Health (Berl.) Vol. 27, Issue 1, 119–127. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10389-018-0924-6
  23. Jungari, S., & Chauhan, B. G. (2017). Caste, Wealth and Regional Inequalities in Health Status of Women and Children in India. Contemporary Voice of Dalit9(1), 87-100. https://doi.org/10.1177/2455328X17690644
  24. Jungari, S. B., & Chauhan, B. G. (2017). Prevalence and Determinants of Premature Menopause among Indian Women: Issues and Challenges Ahead. Health & Social Work42(2), 79-86. https://doi:10.1093/hsw/hlx010
  25. Chauhan, B. G., & Kumar, A. (2016). Rural-urban Differential in Utilization of Maternal Healthcare Services in India: A Decomposition Analysis. Social Science Spectrum2(1), 49-62. http://socialspectrum.in/index.php/sp/article/view/53
  26. Chauhan S.K., Jungari S., & Chauhan, B. G. (2015). The burden of Anaemia among Women in Jharkhand, India: Does Lifestyle Behaviour Matters. Journal of Nutrition Health1(2), 1- 9. https://www.avensonline.org/fulltextarticles/jnh-2469-4185-01-0006.html
  27. Chauhan, B. G., & Rai, A. K. (2015). Skilled Birth Attendance across Geographical Regions in India: Rural-Urban Differentials, 1992-2006. Social Science Spectrum1(2), 114-126. http://www.socialspectrum.in/index.php/sp/article/view/22
  28. Rai A. K., Chauhan B. G. And Ankana Kumari (2015). Sexual and reproductive health status in Indian youth: Addressing the needs and their involvement. International Journal of Medical and Health Research, Volume 1; Issue 4; Page No. 141-148. http://www.medicalsciencejournal.com/archives/2015/vol1/issue4/1-4-30.1.1
  29. Chauhan, B. G., & Rai, A.K. (2015). Factors Affecting to the Child Health in Urban India: A Comparative Study between Two Mega Cities.  International Research Journal of Social Sciences4(5), 43-51. http://www.isca.in/IJSS/v4i5.php
  30. Jungari, S., & Chauhan, B. G. (2015). Obstetric fistula in Assam, India: a neglected cause of maternal morbidities and mortality. Healthcare in Low-resource Settings3(1) 1-4. https://doi.org/10.4081/hls.2015.4663.
  31. Chauhan S. K., Chauhan B. G. and Dehury B. (2014). Pregnancy Complications and Health-Seeking Behaviour among Married Women in Rural Uttar Pradesh: Evidence from NFHS -3. International Journal of Current Research, Vol., 6 (12), pages 10577-10583. http://journalcra.com/sites/default/files/issue-pdf/6484.pdf.
  32. Rai A. K. and Chauhan B. G. (2014). Inequality in Utilization of Maternal Health Care Services among Teenage Married Women in Uttar Pradesh: Evidence from NFHS-3. Global Journal of Multidisciplinary Studies, Volume 3, Issue 10, 70-89. http://journals.edwin.co.in/index.php/EGJMS/issue/view/15/showToc

Published articles as a collaborator of ‘Global Burden of Disease Network’

  1. Global Burden of Disease Health Financing Collaborator Network (2019). Past, present, and future of global health financing: a review of development assistance, government, out-of-pocket, and other private spending on health for 195 countries, 1995-2050. Lancet (London, England)393(10187), 2233–2260. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(19)30841-4
  2. LBD Double Burden of Malnutrition Collaborators (2020). Mapping local patterns of childhood overweight and wasting in low- and middle-income countries between 2000 and 2017. Nature medicine26(5), 750–759. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41591-020-0807-6
  3. Local Burden of Disease Diarrhoea Collaborators (2020). Mapping geographical inequalities in childhood diarrhoeal morbidity and mortality in low-income and middle-income countries, 2000-17: analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017. Lancet (London, England)395(10239), 1779–1801. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30114-8

Completed projects

  1. A Comprehensive Assessment of Occupational Health Hazard of Municipal Sanitary Workers of Pune, Maharashtra. Ongoing. Funded by ICSSR, MoHRD, New Delhi. (Primary data)
  2. Burden of disease and health expenditure among older adults in Maharashtra. [Report prepared and submitted to the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, GoI, New Delhi]. (Secondary data)
  3. Burden of Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) among pregnant women in India. [Report prepared and submitted to the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, GoI, New Delhi]. (Secondary data)
  4. Utilization of RCH services during COVID-19 Pandemic: An assessment. Findings from IIPS-PRC multi-centric study Maharashtra. [Report prepared and submitted to the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India, New Delhi]. (Primary data)
  5. Tuberculosis and Under-nutrition in India, 2019. [Report prepared and submitted to the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India, New Delhi]. (Secondary data)
  6. Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity and its relationship with Anaemia among the Working Adults in Urban Area of Maharashtra, 2018. [Report prepared and submitted to the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India, New Delhi]. (Secondary data)
  7. Mother’s knowledge and behaviour on child feeding and child care practices and its impact on child health outcomes: A study of Pune slums, Maharashtra, 2018. [Report prepared and submitted to the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India, New Delhi]. (Primary data)


Completed Eleven Monitoring reports of the Programme Implementation Plan (PIP) of NHM for the districts of Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Odisha states. All the reports have been submitted to the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India, New Delhi.

Papers presented

  1. Paper presented entitled “Socio-economic inequality in informed choice of contraception use among women of Maharashtra” at 5th Knowledge dissemination workshop of Population Research Centre held on March 1-2, 2021 at Population Research Centre, Department of Economics, University of Lucknow, Lucknow. [National].
  2. Paper presented entitled “Decomposing the Urban-Rural Gap in Utilization of Maternal and Child Health Care Services in India: Evidence from Household Data” at 2019 Quetelet Seminar “Demographic Change along the Urban-Rural Gradient” held during 7-8 November 2019, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium, Belgium[International].
  3. Paper presented entitled “Perceived value and aspiration for children and fertility response in a decline fertility regime: a study of rural Uttar Pradesh, India” at the 16th annual conference of the IASSH organised by Centre for the Study of Regional Development, JNU, New Delhi, December 10-12, 2018. [National].
  4. Paper presented entitled “Burden of Abortion and its Impact on Sexual and Reproductive Health of Women in Haryana” at International Seminar on “Population Health and Development: Global and National Policy Perspectives” held during February 15-17, 2018 at New Delhi YMCA, New Delhi. [International].
  5. Paper presented entitled “Contraceptive use and unmet need for family planning among women having at least one child in rural Uttar Pradesh: The role of wealth and sex composition of children” in national seminar on ‘Contemporary Issues in Maternal and Child Mortality in India’ organised by MLC Foundation and Shyam Inst. at Bhopal, 10-12 Jan. 2018. [National].
  6. Paper presented entitled “Factors Affecting the Utilization of Maternal Health Care Services in selected Tribal Dominated States of India” on the ‘Moving Towards the Equitable Health System in India: Key Issue and Challenges’ held on 6th- 7th May 2016 at the Centre for Culture and Development Vadodara. [National].
  7. Paper presented entitled “Urban-Rural Differential in Utilization of Maternal and Child Health Care Services in India: A Decomposition Analysis” in 3rd Asian population Association conference 27-30 July 2015, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. [International].
  8. Paper presented as “Urban-Rural Differential in Skilled Birth Attendant in India, 1992-2006: A Regional Glance” at 34th IASSH Conference, Tamilnadu, December 26-28, 2013. [National].
  9. Paper presented entitled “Factors affecting the child health in Indian cities: a comparative study between Meerut and Chennai” in National seminar on population, health and Environment at Bhopal, 21-23 March 2013. [National].
  10. Paper Presented entitled “Effect of Maternal Health Care Utilization on Early Neonatal, Neonatal and Post Neonatal mortality in India” at 34th IASP conference, Dec. 13-15, 2012, Pune. [National].


  1. Received travel award for attending the 2019 Quetelet Seminar “Demographic Change along the Urban-Rural Gradient” held during 7-8 November 2019, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium, Belgium.
  2. Received an award of 3rd Prize for the research paper entitled “Burden of Abortion and its Impact on Sexual and Reproductive Health of Women in Haryana” at International Seminar on Population, Health and Development: Global and National Perspectives held during Feb. 15-17, 2018 at YMCA, New Delhi.
  3. Awarded with the Junior Research Fellowship (JRF) in Population Studies, University Grant Commission, New Delhi. 2011
  4. Government of India Fellowship for pursuing MPS Course in International Institute for Population Sciences from 8 August, 2011 to 8 June 2012.
  5. Received travel scholarship from Asian Population Association (APA), for attending the 3rd Asian Population Conference at Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 27-30 July 2015.
  6. Received scholarship from São Paulo Research Foundation (Fapesp), for participating in the workshop on Research Methods for the Humanities (ESPCA) held at University of Campinas, Brazil, 10-21 July 2017.